All about Automated Guided Vehicle and popular types of AGV

Contributing to the automation of factories and smart homes, not to mention the AGV. Robot AGV is a perfect solution for transportation needs in the most flexible and safe way. 

What is an AGV robot?

AGV robot (Automation Guided Vehicle) is a vehicle used to automatically transport goods, finished products, materials to production stages or pre-programmed locations using current navigation technology in automated manufacturing plants or smart warehouses. 

Currently, self-driving cars are widely applied in many fields such as e-commerce, manufacturing electrical and electronic components, automobile manufacturing, medical equipment manufacturing, logistics, food processing,… 

In addition, to ensure the safety of people in the production area as well as to ensure the safety of goods, the AGV is also equipped with a variety of sensors to operate accurately and flexibly such as: obstacle detection sensor, collision sensor, position sensor. 

Structural features of the AGV 

Tracking unit

Free path Navigation: The AGV robot locates and determines the direction of movement thanks to the gyro sensor. In addition, they can also use laser sensors to determine the location and surrounding obstacles.

Fixed Path Navigation: The path of this type is made up of colored lines, magnetic lines, magnetic tapes, rails,… and is fixed. Sensor systems used for these types can be magnetic sensors, metal sensors or optical sensors.

Obstacle detection sensor

In order to ensure safety when moving, AGV autonomous vehicles need sensors to detect obstacles within the moving range. Depending on the configuration of the self-propelled forklift, different types of sensors are used such as laser sensors, ultrasonic sensors, optical sensors, etc. 

Collision sensors 

This type of sensor is used to limit problems. Safety loss may occur when the AGV is struck by another object during operation. If impacted during work, the AGV robot will stop. 

Driver and engine

Depending on the cargo load carried, this vehicle will be equipped with 1 – 2 drivers and a working engine. This directly affects the power, motor voltage and battery capacity of the AGV robot.

Data transmission and reception equipment

In order to help improve flexibility, the transmission and transmission of information at locations within the coverage of the AGV self-propelled robot, when operating, the robot will transmit and receive data with the control center. operated through a remote broadcast receiver system.

At the same time, the operator can also easily control the route and working status of the vehicle. These devices will include RF or wifi transceivers, depending on the model.

Vehicle batteries and chargers

Currently, there are many different types of batteries and chargers for AGV vehicles. For example, Lithium battery, Lithium iron phosphate battery – LIFE04, etc. Chargers also have many different types, customers can choose automatic or manual charging depending on needs and system characteristics.

Central control unit 

Accordingly, this part is programmed to help control the AGV self-propelled forklift truck running independently or in combination with many different vehicles. The control unit also helps the car run under the management of the operating center.

Truck Connector

This is the part that connects to the cart, which is set to work automatically or manually as required.

Position sensor

This position sensor is used to identify landmarks such as pick-up, return, stop, turn or battery charging position… Besides, they also help the control center to identify Determine the exact location of the vehicle on the vehicle’s moving map.

User Interface

As for the user interface, they include various details such as screens, indicator lights and push button system. 

The robot arm picks up the box to autonomous Free Photo

Factory Automation with AGV and robotic arm in transportation to increase transport more with safety 3D rendering

Popular types of AGV robots in industrial production

Lifting AGV 

The lifting AGV is capable of lifting heavy loads such as pallets or heavy machinery placed on the floor or on a shelf.

Towing AGV 

The towing AGV robot can pull one or more freight cars from a few hundred kilograms to several tons depending on the configuration of the robot. This AGV robot is used to transport vehicle frames and spare parts in automobile assembly workshops; details in the factory; crates or sacks of goods in the warehouse.

Push AGV

In contrast to the towing AGV robot, the push-pull AGV is used to transport goods placed in front of the vehicle, specialized for single packages, equipment in the assembly process. 

Transporter AGV

The AGV carrier robot is equipped with trays to transport goods with compact features such as boxes of components flexibly.

AGV self-propelled robots with outstanding features help optimize the process of transporting goods in automatic production. For more information Techvico is a unit specializing in providing self-propelled robot solutions for smart factories. With many years of experience in the industry and advanced and modern technology products, Techvico is ready to bring the best automation solutions for customers’ businesses. 

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